European culture after the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71 was no stranger to ancient
beliefs in an organic, religiously sanctioned, and aesthetically pleasing relationship
to the land. The many resonances of this relationship form a more or less coherent
whole, in which the supposed cosmopolitanism of the modern age is belied by a deep
commitment to regional, nationalist, and civilizational attachments, including a justifying
theological armature, much of which is still with us today. This volume untangles
the meaning of the vital geographies of the period, including how they shaped its
literature and intellectual life.